History 298. Experimental Courses
A close look at the political, social and cultural development of modern China. The focus will be on both the foreign and domestic factors in China’s transition from its imperial past to a modern nation-state.
Charlemagne and the Family who Forged Europe
The Frankish king Charlemagne (r. 768-814 CE) has been described as the “Father of Europe.” He conquered vast lands, was crowned emperor by the Pope, and attempted to revive the Roman past. Moreover his ruling dynasty is legendary, known as “the family who forged Europe.” Charles Martel, his grandfather, was long revered for defeating the invading Muslim troops at the Battle of Tours, while his grandsons carved up the Empire into lands that foreshadow the modern nation-states of France and Germany and were the first to have their vernacular languages (old French and German) recorded. This course explores five generations of the Carolingian dynasty, from their rise to the beginnings of their decline, through primary texts written by the Carolingians and their courtiers. We will explore varied issues and themes in political, social, religious, and intellectual life and emerge with a fuller picture of the early medieval world.