Associate Professor of History
I was born in Oakland, CA, in 1966. As the oldest son of a Greek immigrant father and a first-generation Hispanic mother, I spent my entire life in the Bay Area until I moved to Philly for grad school in 1989. I came to Wheaton in 1995, right after finishing my doctorate at Penn. I like New England, but I love California and Philly, root for the 49ers and Eagles, and try to visit both places every chance I get.
Ph.D., M.A., University of Pennsylvania
B.A., University of California at Berkeley
- History of the early Americas and Atlantic world (c. 1500-1815)
- Slavery and abolition
- Latino/a history
In March 2012 Oxford University Press published American Horizons: U. S. History in a Global Context. Press. I am one of seven co-authors and the chief author of Chapters 1-5 of Volume 1. The opportunity to work on a project that featured the movement of peoples, goods, and ideas across borders as a key way to explain change in US history lured me to the project. Collaboration with my co-authors was the best part of the project.
I'm currently exploring a new book project. The most likely would be on the history of Spanish as a public language in the US.
Such a project would be a fairly sharp departure from my last one. I published Forging America: Ironworkers, Adventurers, and the Industrious Revolution in 2004. You can learn more about it through Cornell University Press at www.cornellpress.cornell.edu. In Forging America, I argue that a culture of industriousness which emerged in colonial British North America and the US depended on slavery, race, and the coercion of working people as much as it did on the acceptance and practice of a religiously-inspired work ethic.
History 201: Colonial North America
Examines the history of North America north of today's Mexico from 1492 to 1821, when the colonial history of most of what is today the continental United States ended. This means we pay considerable attention to American Indian history and to the histories of French and Spanish colonization, as well as English/British colonization, and that we consider the history of North America from the west looking east as well as from the east looking west and from the Atlantic looking in. Emphasis is on analysis of primary sources, through which we try to understand the era from the perspectives, if not on the terms, of those who lived through it.
History 217: Mundo Brasileiro
Explores construction of Brasil since 1500, with a heavy emphasis on the development of Brasilian identity and on Brasil within the wider world. Two key course goals are: (1) to develop a basic understanding and appreciation of Brasil's popular culture, mainly through popular music, and (2) to gain a greater understanding for Brasil's significance in the emerging world of the 21st century.
Brasilian music, without question.
I like nearly all popular genres except sertaneja. I have played them all on my show "Ritmo Atlântico," which I did on Wheaton College Radio WCCS, 96.5 FM from 2002 through 2005. I usually revive the show whenever I teach Mundo Brasileiro and give students the option of appearing on air with me. I have also done guest DJ appearances on WMBR 88.1 FM, MIT's station.
Football rivals Brasilian music and usually trumps it during football season. I adore the 49ers (my birthright team), Patriots, Eagles (more like watching a train wreck lately), and the Ravens. Sorry, New Englanders, but even a real Patriots fan has to respect that the Ravens came to Gillette twice in the last four years and beat the Pats soundly during the playoffs. Many Pats would do well to follow the motto hanging all over M&T Bank Stadium and Play Like A Raven. Besides, they're my nephew Fano's favorite team, so I have to like them, no?
I also enjoy:
- Birdwatching (and collecting birding field guides)
- Gardening (vegetables and wildflowers native to North America)
- Going home to California and to Philly
American Horizons: U.S. History in a Global Context [with Michael Schaller, Robert Schulzinger, Janette Thomas Greenwood, Andrew Kirk, Sarah J. Purcell and Aaron Sheehan-Dean], 2vols. (New York: Oxford University Press, 2012)
Forging America: Ironworkers, Adventurers,and the Industrious Revolution (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2004)
"A Tale of Two Ironworks: Slavery, Free Labor, Work, and Resistance in the Early Republic," The William and Mary Quarterly, 3d Series, 56 (October 1999): 677-700.
"Slavery and the Disciplining of Free Labor in the Colonial Mid-Atlantic Iron Industry," Pennsylvania History: A Journal of Mid-Atlantic Studies 64 (Special Supplemental Issue, Summer 1997): 270-286.
It's not really a "peformance," but I don't know where else to put this under Professional Activities.
I am part of the "leadership core" for the American Historical Association's Tuning initiative, being funded by a three-year grant from the Lumina Foundation.
You can learn more about Tuning and my connection to it at: http://www.historians.org/projects/tuning/
Melissa Carter ('11) completed an independent study project under my direction on the relationship between Puritan theology and experiential religion in New England during the mid-17th century.
Sidney Reavey ('10) took an independent study with me in Spring 2010 focused on development and politics in Latin America since World War II.
Evelyn Sanders ('08) took an independent study with me on migration from Latin America to the US in the 20th century while she is interning at Centro Presente in Cambridge.
Rachel Pierre ('08), a History major who has concentrated on study of the Caribbean, took an independent study with me in Fall 2007 on Caribbean history up to c. 1850, with a special focus on the Francophone Caribbean.
Courtney Allen ('07) wrote a terrific honors thesis under my direction on New France and French efforts to acculturate indigenous peoples.
Emily Edwards ('05) and Deanna Torres ('05), both independent majors in Latin American Studies, completed thesis projects--Emily on education and national identity in early 20th century Mexico, Deanna on politics, culture, and the construction of Puerto Rican identity in New York in the 1960s and 1970s. Emily presented her work at Wheaton's Academic Festival in April 2005.
Sean Britt (Wheaton 2000 and former Davis fellow)worked with me on the history of slavery in 19th century Nevis.