Wheaton College Norton, Massachusetts
Wheaton College
Office of Communications

M-R

M

majors: do not capitalize majors, fields/areas of study, or curricula, except for the names of languages. (Exception: see Connections)

Russell is studying philosophy, theology and French.
Students must meet the core requirements in science and the humanities.
Wheaton offers a curriculum in Russian studies.

military branches (See armed forces)

months and days of the week: are capitalized; seasons are not. Do not abbreviate the names of months when they stand alone, and never abbreviate March, April, May, June or July. Do not place a comma between month and year when used without a numerical date.

February 2011
I’m looking forward to the spring semester.
Classes begin on Wednesday, Jan. 23, and end on Friday, May 3.

N

non: do not hyphenate words beginning with the prefix “non,” except those containing a proper noun

nontechnical
nonexistent
non-German

 

NUMBERS

In general, spell out numbers one through nine, and use figures for numbers 10 or greater.

ages of people: always use figures: He’s 28 and his son just turned 3.

Place a comma after digits signifying thousands: 1,150 students.
Exception: use no commas when referring to temperature: 4600 degrees.

currency: use figures with the word cents or with the dollar sign (i.e., $3, $5.09, or 77 cents) unless tabulated in columns.

days of the month: use figures, and do not include the ordinal endings st, nd, rd and th.

Oct. 18, Nov. 2, July 4 (not Oct. 18th, Nov. 2nd and July 4th)

hours of the day: use figures for 7 p.m. or 7:30 p.m. (never 7:00 p.m., unless used in lists of events, etc., to preserve alignment of type).

million and billion:

use figures for sums that are cumbersome to spell out; however, spell out the words million and billion.

5.75 million

numbers within a series:

use figures to maintain consistency if more than half of the numbers are 10 or greater; otherwise spell out numbers within a series.

The recorded race times were 3 hours, 12 minutes, 15 seconds
Twelve cats, five dogs, five birds and sixteen turtles were sold yesterday.

phone numbers:

Ext. 1111 or (1111)
286-1111
508-286-1111

money: See currency.

beginning of a sentence: do not begin a sentence with numerals; supply a word or spell out the figures. Note: Numbers less than 100 should be hyphenated when they consist of two words: thirty-nine

P

percent: do not abbreviate percent in narrative text. In technical and statistical copy, such as charts, the symbol % may be used.

phonathon: lowercase

parenthetical sentence within another sentence: do not capitalize the first word unless it’s a proper noun

My friend got angry (he has a bad temper) when I was late for the movie.

the Parents Fund: official name of the Wheaton Fund component formally established in 2010

 

POSSESSIVES

For singular nouns, use apostrophe s; for regular plural nouns, use an apostrophe only.

Singular:
the chipmunk’s nest
Caesar’s ghost

Plural:
The chipmunks’ nests in my yard are irksome.
the Joneses’ swimming pool
the public schools’ enrollment

Confusion can arise with nouns that end in a sibilant (“s” or “x”). Just remember that for the singular, you follow the usual rule (add apostrophe s). Don’t confuse a singular noun ending in “s” with a plural noun ending in “s.” They are treated differently. A single noun almost always takes apostrophe s. Only the plural noun ending in “s” takes the apostrophe alone.

Charles’s new car (not Charles’ new car)
the sphinx’s mysterious smile

Exceptions:
1) the names Jesus and Moses: Jesus’ name, Moses’ calling
2) irregular plurals—children’s room

(For more exceptions, see The Chicago Manual of Style.)

APOSTROPHE/POSSESSIVES QUICK GUIDE

Use <apostrophe s> Use <apostrophe> only
singular noun plural noun ending in s
singular noun ending in s -
irregular plural such as “children” -

 

 

 

 


Presidents’ House:
note the plural possessive; the house is the residence of all the Wheaton presidents in turn.

period: Use one space, not two, at the end of a sentence.

prefixes: see hyphenation.

Professor: do not abbreviate as “Prof.”

Professor Michael Berg
Professor Berg
Professors Michael Berg and Sue Standing are teaching connected courses.

Q

Quotation marks, placement of:

Periods and commas: always go inside the quotation marks.
Semicolons: go outside the quotation marks.
Question marks and exclamation points: go inside the quotation marks, if they are part of the sentence being quoted. They go outside the q marks if they are not part of the quotation.

“It’s good to be inside,” he said. “It’s pouring out there.” He stomped his feet on the mat, then looked at her. She was curled up on the sofa, an open book on her lap.
“Do you really love me?” he wanted to know.
"Did you ever read Poe’s poem 'The Raven'?" she asked, ignoring his question.

R

race, religion, etc. do not identify individuals by race, religion, sexual orientation or national origin unless such identification is essential to the reader’s understanding of the writing.

radio stations: capitalize the call letters with no periods between: WGBH, WCCS.

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