Wheaton College Norton, Massachusetts
Wheaton College


Art History 240: Art of the Avant-Gardes, 1900-1945: France, Germany, Italy and Russia

We made these enhanced videos as part of our coursework for Art of the Avant-Gardes, 1900–1945 (Spring 2011, Professor Ellen McBreen). In the first half of the semester, we researched and wrote individual essays about 20th-century works in Wheaton’s Permanent Collection, made by artists who were members of the avant-garde movements we studied in our course. We then collaborated to develop these online conversations, which reflect our own unique interpretations and interactions with these original works of art.

We’d like to thank Patrick Rashleigh, Faculty Technology Liaison, Leah Niederstadt, Curator of the Permanent Collection, and Chris Hyde, Visual Resources Curator, for their assistance with this project.

We hope you enjoy exploring these works of art as much as we have.

Image of "Unite Series, Eve, no. 11" by Le CorbusierView online Le Corbusier, Eve no. 11 and the Snake no. 15 from the Unité Series, 1953
Gift of Dr. and Mrs. Mary L. Kozol (Ruth Massell, Class of 1925)
Betsy Cronin ’11 and Alexandra Barie ’13 describe Le Corbusier’s combination of sensuous, organic forms with a rigid architectural structure, in two prints from his Unité series. They read individual elements as “rooms arranged in a building,” and the prints together “as a kind of sketchbook” for Le Corbusier’s architectural designs.
Image of "Inspiration" by Kaethe KollwitzView online Käthe Kollwitz, Inspiration, 1905
Oona Laurie ’13 describes how Kollwitz combined various printmaking techniques to create a vivid, textured sense of the rugged strength of her work’s main subject: the revolutionary leader Black Anna, a protagonist in the 16th-century German Peasant’s War.
Image of Little Blue Oval by A. CalderView online Alexander Calder, Little Blue Oval, 1944
Bequest of Monawee Allen Richards, Class of 1934
Candace Shaw ’13 and guest Taylor Stewart discuss how this tabletop stabile by Calder interacts with the space around it. Through seemingly simple means, Calder creates a complex, mobile sculpture with multiple perspectives that also suggest different moments in time.
Image of "Untitled (Hotel)" by Maurice de VlaminckView online Maurice de Vlaminck, Untitled (L’Hôtel), undated
Gift of Mary L. Heuser
Lauren Riedel ’12 and Samantha Green ’11 discuss how in this work by Vlaminck—a French Fauve celebrated for his expressive palette of bright colors—instead relies on the black tones of lithography to convey a mood of both alienation and voyeurism.
Image of "Self Portrait" by Erich HeckelView online Erich Heckel, Man on a Plain (Mann in der Ebene) 1917, from the portfolio Eleven Woodcuts, 1912-1919
Gift of Mary Jane Goodloe in Memory of Mary Heuse
Kirstie Parkinson ‘13 and Leon Morabia ’14 describe how Heckel, a member of the German Expressionist Brücke group, uses the woodblock technique to emphasize the separation of the depicted figure from his surrounding landscape, highlighting our impression of the subject’s discomfort and claustrophobia.
Image of "L'Envolee II (The Flight)" by Joan MiroView online Joan Miró, L’Envolée II (The Flight), 1963
On Loan Courtesy of Morgan Reese
Jesse O’Neil ’14 and Tu Nguyen '14 explore how the Surrealist artist Miró combines abstract figures and bright colors, to create a sense of dynamic flight in this painting’s celestial landscape.

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